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General

BiOWiSH® Crop products are proven safe by independent laboratories, universities, and governments. The microbes in the products are all Biosafety Level 1 –https://www.cdc.gov/biosafety/publications/bmbl5/bmbl5_sect_iv.pdf

BiOWiSH® products are available in a variety of convenient package sizes including 100 g packages which are best for small operations and trials.

BiOWiSH® products have been broadly tested in animals, plants, and humans. They are safe and effective with no side effects.

BiOWiSH® Bacillus are applied to the soil as dormant endospores, which cannot move on their own. They remain in this condition until they’re exposed to sufficient levels of nutrients, soil moisture, and needed soil temperature to germinate.  However, whether they’re still dormant endospores or have germinated into vegetative cells, there are many different mechanisms by which bacteria are known to move through the soil, even under harsh conditions. When water levels are sufficient, bacterial cells may spread passively through processes such as leaching or evapotranspiration. The minimal soil type and moisture level combination required to produce healthy plants, is in many cases, much lower than the requirement to drive the processes that promote BiOWiSH® biology migration. When water is scarce, processes such paramagnetism may transport Bacillus through the charged surfaces of the soil particles. In addition, Bacillus can be shuttled in the bodies of earthworms and other soil fauna. Vegetative bacterial cells may also spread actively in response to nutrient and root exudate gradients, through biofilm formation, or transportation within fungal hyphae networks.

Soil environments may vary widely in their physical and chemical properties such as pH, water content, oxygen content, and temperature. Some of the processes described above, such as evapotranspiration and invertebrate transport, are known to occur naturally anyplace that plants are grown, and so would be in play across a wide range of field-relevant chemical gradients (such as pH, salinity, and oxygen). Laboratory data have shown that BiOWiSH® Bacillus are stable across a wide range of pH, salinity, and oxygen gradients, making them perfect candidates for transport by these universal processes.

A review of field efficacy data across a variety of geographies and fertilizer application practices can help assess whether the mechanisms cited above, among others, consistently result in the successful pairing of BiOWiSH® Bacillus and their host crops. Independent 3rd party replicated data from trials in which BiOWiSH® coated fertilizer was applied to the soil through incorporation at planting versus surface applied after planting (i.e., topdress) shows no significant difference in product performance, confirming the mechanisms of bacterial dispersion most relevant to BiOWiSH customers are overwhelmingly successful. 

The functional diversity of the soil microbiome, or the diversity of plant growth promoting genes within the microbial population, plays a major role in driving agricultural success. The functional diversity of a grower’s soil can be impacted by shifting the soil microbiome towards plant-growth-promoting bacteria, or PGPB. Many microbial products attempt to inoculate the grower’s soil with selected PGPB, thereby augmenting the soil’s functional diversity profile. However, the selected PGPB may not be able to thrive in all soil types, growing environments, or plant hosts. Even if soil conditions are favorable, a single gram of soil may contain billions of native microbes, and competitive interactions between the resident soil microbes and the inoculated PGPB may limit their ability to colonize and deliver their modes of action within the soil. These factors can lead to inconsistent or nonexistent performance among microbial soil inoculations. 

BiOWiSH® HoloGene 3 technology is not a soil inoculation approach. Our technology is based on the hologenome concept, which considers a host organism (such as a plant) and its microbiome to be a single unit, called a holobiont, which expresses traits based on its hologenome, or the combined genetic profile of host and microbiome together. Microbes within the holobiont’s microbiome may add new traits to the system, or they may support the expression of existing traits encoded within the host’s genome. Our technology exploits the role of plant-associated microbes in supporting the expression of traits that are critical to the plant’s ability to nurture communities of beneficial bacteria in the rhizosphere through the secretion of exudates from their roots, a system refined naturally by nearly half a billion years of evolution. Rather than inoculating the soil with non-native PGPB selected by humans, BiOWiSH® microbes catalyze the natural inoculation of the soil with native PGPB that are already adapted to the soil environment in question, producing consistent performance by eliminating the risk of PGPB incompatibility with the grower’s soil. We refer to the HoloGene 3 technology as a “hologenomic catalyst” because it functions as the initial signal in a cascade of natural plant processes which result in improvements to plant and soil microbiome function.

The benefits of BiOWiSH® HoloGene 3 technology do not stop with the soil microbiome. One result of the technology’s application is improved plant nutrient uptake, a challenge which has traditionally been met in part through the use of Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizers, or EEFs. Familiar EEF categories such as micronutrient coatings, delayed release technologies, and chemical loss mitigations help support plant nutrient uptake by providing selected nutrients (micronutrient coatings) or by minimizing the impact of loss pathways on fertilizer nutrients (delayed release and chemical mitigations). The end result is a supply of plant-available nutrients in the soil. One limitation of these approaches is that their efficacy is limited to a single mode of action, a single nutrient, or both. Additionally, these approaches do not get plant-available nutrients into the plant where they belong. BiOWiSH® HoloGene 3 technology supports plant processes involved in the uptake of multiple nutrients through multiple plant, soil, and microbiome-based modes of action, and helps reduce the impact of nutrient loss pathways by accelerating the delivery of plant-available nutrients to the plant. This creates a new class of EEFs that provides a comprehensive counterpart to the traditional technologies familiar in the market today.

BiOWiSH® HoloGene 3 technology is a unique fertilizer coating technology which leverages the power of the hologenome concept to support the expression of naturally evolved plant traits which support the health of the plant, the functional diversity of the soil microbiome, and the physicochemical environment of the soil. This triangle between plant, soil, and microbiome is present in all growing plants, but is optimized by the addition of BiOWiSH®. The result is a microbial solution which merges the benefits of a microbial soil inoculation and an enhanced efficiency fertilizer, all at a low cost to the farmer.

Please visit our distributors web page (biowishtechnologies.com/distributors/) to locate a distributor in your area or email contact@biowishtech.com. While the overall pricing from country to country is fairly consistent, some deviation to pricing is due to country specific taxes and in-country logistics.

Organic matter (OM) change in the soil is a slow process, occurring over multiple plantings, fertility treatments, and crop rotations. BiOWiSH® Crop Products have been shown to increase plant growth and, specifically, to increase root mass. The combination of increased root biomass and remnant vegetative biomass remaining post-harvest will, over time, return more organic matter to the soil resulting in a slow increase in OM.

All BiOWiSH® products are produced in the USA with the highest standard of reliability and quality, backed by US-based manufacturing and GMP certification.

BiOWiSH® and our distributors are dedicated to supporting our products at all levels of operation. We use large group training seminars, on-site visits, and web based tools to provide information and training on the use of our products to improve management practices to benefit overall production economics.

Please locate a distributor near you at our distributor page (biowishtechnologies.com/distributors/) or email contact@biowishtech.com.

Crop Products

BiOWiSH® Crop products are compatible with many common fungicides, herbicides and insect and disease-controlling chemicals. For a compatibility list, refer to the technical bulletin on our web page. Always conduct a jar test for compatibility.

Some of the products such as BiOWiSH® Crop 16-40-0 contain nutrients; however, this product is not a fertilizer. Even though it contains small quantities of nutrient, they do not contribute in significant enough amounts to be considered fertilizers.

No, BiOWiSH® Crop products are made from naturally occurring and naturally evolved organisms that are not genetically modified by humans.

BiOWiSH® products are naturally based, some are OMRI approved, and others have inorganic ingredients. Please see the products section of our web page for product specific information.

Extensive field testing over several years across multiple geographies has shown no long term negative effects from using BiOWiSH® Crop products.

Depending on the source and quality of the water you may notice an ammonia odor when adding BiOWiSH® Crop 16-40-0 to water. This happens when the pH is high enough to cause ammonia volatilization from the diammonium phosphate in the BiOWiSH® Crop 16-40-0 product. There is no negative impact on the BiOWiSH® biology.

BiOWiSH® Crop products will not appreciably change soil pH. Optimal pH ranges vary by crop. BiOWiSH works across a wide range of soils, allowing use on all crop types.

No, the addition of BiOWiSH® Crop Liquid at the BiOWiSH recommended application rate does not change any of the physical or chemical properties of the fertilizer.

BiOWiSH® Crop Liquid is not designed or formulated for controlling agronomic pests and disease.  Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizers powered by BiOWiSH® Crop Liquid create a high-performance partnership between the plant and BiOWiSH® microorganisms. The new alliance has a combined genetic profile (the hologenome) that enhances native microbial activity in the soil, promotes soil quality, and supports the plant’s natural ability to resist environmental stress. This optimizes crop yield potential by increasing nutrient availability and improving soil productivity and plant vigor.

BiOWiSH® HoloGene 3 technology supports the expression of natural plant processes evolved to stimulate native, beneficial soil microbes in the root zone. Plants are not prone to stimulate rhizosphere microbial communities that result in negative outcomes for the plant, including disease.

Mycorrhizal fungi and many other biologicals are intended to promote plant growth through inoculation of the grower’s native soil microbiome with the formulated organisms. Recent scientific research has revealed stability problems with commercial formulations of mycorrhizae, compromising their efficacy relative to laboratory inoculations. BiOWiSH® Crop products are a proprietary mix of highly specific bacteria, chosen for their ability to create a high-performance partnership between the plant and microorganisms that enhances native microbial activity in the soil, promotes soil quality, and supports the plant’s natural ability to resist environmental stress. In addition to our innovative mode of action, the ability of our products to remain stable throughout the supply chain and work across a broad range of climates, environments, and management practice drives consistent performance that is unmatched in the industry. Link: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/354796387_Global_evaluation_of_commercial_arbuscular_mycorrhizal_inoculants_under_greenhouse_and_field_conditions

Phosphorous availability is dependent on soil physical properties (organic matter, clay content, moisture, aeration, etc.) and chemical properties (pH, texture, etc.). The total soil phosphorous exists in two forms: organic and inorganic. Organic phosphorus is the product of the decomposition of plants, animals, and microbes; while it is not available to the plants, it will be digested by soil microbes converting a portion of the phosphorus to plant available in the form of orthophosphate. The inorganic phosphorous can be in two forms, one in soil solution, which is available to the plant and often represents a small proportion of the soil phosphorous. In addition, we can find the inorganic phosphorous as insoluble or bound phosphorus (Pi), such as calcium phosphate in alkaline soils and aluminum and iron phosphates in acidic soils. The chemical conversion of Pi or bound P to soluble, plant-available P in the soil is generally considered pH dependent, driven by the production of low molecular weight organic acids by plants and beneficial soil microbes. Depending on the soil pH, orthophosphate ions (H2PO4–, HPO42-) are the forms of phosphorus most accessible to plants. In acidic soils with high levels of metal ions like Al3+ and Fe3+, phosphate is bound-up in the form of the corresponding insoluble metal phosphates, e.g., AlPO4 and FePO4. In these situations, displacement of inorganic phosphate (Pi) from Fe and Al ions occurs through “ligand exchange”, meaning the organic acids compete with Pi for Al and Fe binding sites, driving the release of plant-available phosphorous into the soil. The BiOWiSH® Crop products support this system in two ways.

First, BiOWiSH® Bacillus are strongly plant host associated beneficial microbes, augmenting the plant’s hologenome and supporting the expression of natural plant processes. Through these processes, the plant recruits beneficial soil native microbes from the root’s surrounding soil, including those which drive the release of plant-available phosphate from the soil. Second, BiOWiSH® Crop products promote root growth and stimulate the release of root exudates, which include organic acids that help shift the equilibrium of bound phosphate towards more soluble phosphate.

Therefore, the addition of BiOWiSH® improves phosphorus mobilization and availability by promoting the growth of soil microbes capable of chemically reducing metal phosphates, enhancing the uptake of the released phosphate by plants and shifting the equilibrium between bound and soluble phosphate toward more soluble phosphate where the more developed root system allows for additional nutrients to be captured.

BiOWiSH® Bacillus are applied to the soil as dormant endospores, which cannot move on their own. They remain in this condition until they’re exposed to sufficient levels of nutrients, soil moisture, and needed soil temperature to germinate.  However, whether they’re still dormant endospores or have germinated into vegetative cells, there are many different mechanisms by which bacteria are known to move through the soil, even under harsh conditions. When water levels are sufficient, bacterial cells may spread passively through processes such as leaching or evapotranspiration. The minimal soil type and moisture level combination required to produce healthy plants, is in many cases, much lower than the requirement to drive the processes that promote BiOWiSH® biology migration. When water is scarce, processes such paramagnetism may transport Bacillus through the charged surfaces of the soil particles. In addition, Bacillus can be shuttled in the bodies of earthworms and other soil fauna. Vegetative bacterial cells may also spread actively in response to nutrient and root exudate gradients, through biofilm formation, or transportation within fungal hyphae networks.

Soil environments may vary widely in their physical and chemical properties such as pH, water content, oxygen content, and temperature. Some of the processes described above, such as evapotranspiration and invertebrate transport, are known to occur naturally anyplace that plants are grown, and so would be in play across a wide range of field-relevant chemical gradients (such as pH, salinity, and oxygen). Laboratory data have shown that BiOWiSH® Bacillus are stable across a wide range of pH, salinity, and oxygen gradients, making them perfect candidates for transport by these universal processes.

A review of field efficacy data across a variety of geographies and fertilizer application practices can help assess whether the mechanisms cited above, among others, consistently result in the successful pairing of BiOWiSH® Bacillus and their host crops. Independent 3rd party replicated data from trials in which BiOWiSH® coated fertilizer was applied to the soil through incorporation at planting versus surface applied after planting (i.e., topdress) shows no significant difference in product performance, confirming the mechanisms of bacterial dispersion most relevant to BiOWiSH customers are overwhelmingly successful. 

The functional diversity of the soil microbiome, or the diversity of plant growth promoting genes within the microbial population, plays a major role in driving agricultural success. The functional diversity of a grower’s soil can be impacted by shifting the soil microbiome towards plant-growth-promoting bacteria, or PGPB. Many microbial products attempt to inoculate the grower’s soil with selected PGPB, thereby augmenting the soil’s functional diversity profile. However, the selected PGPB may not be able to thrive in all soil types, growing environments, or plant hosts. Even if soil conditions are favorable, a single gram of soil may contain billions of native microbes, and competitive interactions between the resident soil microbes and the inoculated PGPB may limit their ability to colonize and deliver their modes of action within the soil. These factors can lead to inconsistent or nonexistent performance among microbial soil inoculations. 

BiOWiSH® HoloGene 3 technology is not a soil inoculation approach. Our technology is based on the hologenome concept, which considers a host organism (such as a plant) and its microbiome to be a single unit, called a holobiont, which expresses traits based on its hologenome, or the combined genetic profile of host and microbiome together. Microbes within the holobiont’s microbiome may add new traits to the system, or they may support the expression of existing traits encoded within the host’s genome. Our technology exploits the role of plant-associated microbes in supporting the expression of traits that are critical to the plant’s ability to nurture communities of beneficial bacteria in the rhizosphere through the secretion of exudates from their roots, a system refined naturally by nearly half a billion years of evolution. Rather than inoculating the soil with non-native PGPB selected by humans, BiOWiSH® microbes catalyze the natural inoculation of the soil with native PGPB that are already adapted to the soil environment in question, producing consistent performance by eliminating the risk of PGPB incompatibility with the grower’s soil. We refer to the HoloGene 3 technology as a “hologenomic catalyst” because it functions as the initial signal in a cascade of natural plant processes which result in improvements to plant and soil microbiome function.

The benefits of BiOWiSH® HoloGene 3 technology do not stop with the soil microbiome. One result of the technology’s application is improved plant nutrient uptake, a challenge which has traditionally been met in part through the use of Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizers, or EEFs. Familiar EEF categories such as micronutrient coatings, delayed release technologies, and chemical loss mitigations help support plant nutrient uptake by providing selected nutrients (micronutrient coatings) or by minimizing the impact of loss pathways on fertilizer nutrients (delayed release and chemical mitigations). The end result is a supply of plant-available nutrients in the soil. One limitation of these approaches is that their efficacy is limited to a single mode of action, a single nutrient, or both. Additionally, these approaches do not get plant-available nutrients into the plant where they belong. BiOWiSH® HoloGene 3 technology supports plant processes involved in the uptake of multiple nutrients through multiple plant, soil, and microbiome-based modes of action, and helps reduce the impact of nutrient loss pathways by accelerating the delivery of plant-available nutrients to the plant. This creates a new class of EEFs that provides a comprehensive counterpart to the traditional technologies familiar in the market today.

BiOWiSH® HoloGene 3 technology is a unique fertilizer coating technology which leverages the power of the hologenome concept to support the expression of naturally evolved plant traits which support the health of the plant, the functional diversity of the soil microbiome, and the physicochemical environment of the soil. This triangle between plant, soil, and microbiome is present in all growing plants, but is optimized by the addition of BiOWiSH®. The result is a microbial solution which merges the benefits of a microbial soil inoculation and an enhanced efficiency fertilizer, all at a low cost to the farmer.

Even absent of the BiOWiSH® fertilizer enhancement, excess application of fertilizers will contribute to imbalances in the system that may limit the efficacy of any agronomic input. This type of excessive fertilization can cause many imbalances in the soil, any of which may affect potential yield. This situation would be expected to reduce the efficiency response of BiOWiSH® agronomy products, as well as negatively affect native beneficial soil microorganisms.

BiOWiSH® Crop Liquid was not originally designed or formulated to address soil carbon levels. Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizers powered by BiOWiSH® Crop Liquid create a high-performance partnership between the plant and BiOWiSH® microorganisms. The new alliance has a combined genetic profile (the hologenome) that enhances native microbial activity in the soil, promotes soil quality, and supports the plant’s natural ability to resist environmental stress. This optimizes crop yield potential by increasing nutrient availability and improving soil productivity and plant vigor. Testing any hypothesis related to soil carbon levels is a work intensive, long-term undertaking requiring many studies across multiple crop types and management practices. This is an active area of research at BiOWiSH.

BiOWiSH® Crop products contain a proprietary blend of beneficial microbes. Our unique bacterial strains are fermented in our multi-phase proprietary manufacturing process that creates stable, consistent biology. When applied in the field, these organisms create a high-performance partnership between the plant and BiOWiSH® microorganisms. The new alliance has a combined genetic profile (the hologenome) that enhances native microbial activity in the soil, promotes soil quality, and supports the plant’s natural ability to resist environmental stress. This optimizes crop yield potential by increasing nutrient availability and improving soil productivity and plant vigor.

Featuring the company’s proprietary HoloGene 3™ technology, BiOWiSH® Crop products create a high-performance partnership between the plant and BiOWiSH® microorganisms. The new alliance has a combined genetic profile (the hologenome) that enhances native microbial activity in the soil, promotes soil quality, and supports the plant’s natural ability to resist environmental stress. The benefits of using BiOWiSH® Crop products include improved soil productivity and plant vigor, increased plant root mass, increased nutrient availability, decreased fertilization and irrigation needs, optimized yield potential, and a positive return on investment.

BiOWiSH® Crop Liquid is a liquid product, sold in 55 gallon (190 L) containers and 264 gallon (1000 L) totes. BiOWiSH® Crop, Crop 3-4-0, and Crop 16-40-0 are soluble powder products sold in 100 g, 1 kg, 5 kg and 10 kg foil bags.

BiOWiSH® Crop and BiOWiSH® Crop 16-40-0 are solid soluble products used interchangeability for liquid applications in the field. The difference between the products is their carrier materials; the biology is the same for both products. Because the biology is the same for both products, the performance is also similar. The primary reason for having two solid soluble products is to accommodate geography or market specific parameters, including organic certification for BiOWiSH® Crop.

Example liquid applications are drip irrigation, pivots, tractors or ground rigs, backpack sprayers, and more.

There should be no effect of high water levels on BiOWiSH® Crop products. BiOWiSH® organisms are strongly root associated. As long as the root is healthy and intact, BiOWiSH® will perform even under excessively high water levels.

Humic acid containing products increase water infiltration and water-holding capacity of soil. Also, it is generally understood that humic substances are resistant to microbial degradation, may facilitate the transport of microorganisms, and stimulate the plant’s natural rhizodeposition process, which supports populations of native beneficial microbes in the root zone. Unlike traditional biological soil inoculation products, BiOWiSH® Crop products work by creating a high-performance partnership between the plant and BiOWiSH® microorganisms. The new alliance of plant host and BiOWiSH® Bacillus enhances native microbial activity in the soil through stimulation of the plant’s natural rhizodeposition process. As illustrated in the pictures below, when combined with Humic Acid, a synergistic effect with BiOWiSH® Crop products provides an additional benefit in plant growth and crop yield. Please also see our web page for relevant research studies which further support this synergy.

 

BiOWiSH® Crop products are effective across a broad range of management practices and growing conditions across the globe These management practices vary in soil temperature at the time of planting and application of BiOWiSH® products. It’s important to note that BiOWiSH® Bacillus are applied to the soil as dormant endospores. In addition to other factors, endospores require concentrated, high-energy nutrients (such as root exudates) and temperatures in a range of 10°C to 15°C to initiate germination. After germination, BiOWiSH® organisms are strongly host-plant associated, enhancing native microbial activity in the soil.

BiOWiSH® Bacillus are applied to the soil as dormant endospores, which are highly resistant to physical and chemical stressors. Once germinated in the root zone, BiOWiSH® Bacillus are strongly host-plant associated and often exist as endophytes within the cells of their host plants. Chemical stressors that do not result in adverse effects to the host plant would not be expected to have a negative impact on BiOWiSH® Bacillus.

The Bacillus endospores in BiOWiSH®  Crop Liquid settle within a stationary tote over time due to the effects of gravity, leading to a higher concentration of beneficial biology at the bottom of the tote versus the top.  This leads to variation in the application rate of our biology throughout the coating run, potentially causing fertilizer coated with lower-concentration liquid to fall short of our proven efficacy threshold.  Our easy-to-use mixing options maintain a homogenous mixture, and can be taken out from an exhausted tote, rinsed, and reused for additional totes.

BiOWiSH® Crop products are biological, not chemical formulas.  Therefore, when used as directed they will not result in crop burn. Please refer to the product label and user guides for recommended dosage instructions.

Application

Yes, BiOWiSH® Crop products are soluble in water and liquid fertilizers.

Recommended BiOWiSH® Crop dosages are designed for optimal production for most farm management and fertility programs. High dosage levels will not harm individual crops, but may lead to less than optimal performance. We recommend that label instructions be followed for all applications.

Yes, BiOWiSH® products can be added in a variety of ways, either broadcast, integrated or sprayed onto the soil depending on your needs. Please see our web page, user guides, and technical bulletins for more information.

Yes, BiOWiSH® Crop products may be applied to any crop. Application rates will differ depending on crop type and soil conditions. For specific application recommendations, please contact your BiOWiSH representative.

BiOWiSH® Crop products may be added in drip irrigation or applied separately. If added to the irrigation system, make sure all solutions of BiOWiSH® Crop are applied within 96 hours (4 days) of dissolving BiOWiSH® Crop into the delivery tank.

Yes, BiOWiSH® products can be added to any part of the plant, including flowers, leaves, stems, seeds and roots. Please see our web page or talk to a BiOWiSH representative to ensure you are considering best agronomic practices for foliar versus soil applied for specific crops at specific growth stages.

Yes, BiOWiSH® Crop is safe for use in aquaponics systems. If water quality is an issue for the aquatic life, BiOWiSH® AquaFarm may be used to improve water quality. In addition, BiOWiSH® MultiBio 3PS has been shown to improve fish and shrimp health when incorporated into feed. To create the optimal aquaponics system, please contact your BiOWiSH representative.

Yes, BiOWiSH® Crop will work well in all hydroponic systems for all crop classes. Adding BiOWiSH® Crop to the fertilizer batch tank makes this an easy and profitable application.

The BiOWiSH agronomy approach is agronomic first and our Mode of Action (MOA) is tied to the fertilizer, soil, and plant. The fertilizer recommendation is directly tied to the plant population and yield goal, this is generally an algorithm that derives a fertilizer recommendation based on soil data or a best management practice defined on a region or farm specific basis for each crop. The combination of agronomic first approach and the BiOWiSH® product MOA means we rely on the fertilizer recommendation to get the foundation for the nutrients that we build upon, along with the correct timing and placement for the farm specific yield goal. We use the nutrient baseline, timing, and placement to promote our endophytic activity and shift in the microbiome in the rhizoplane. Therefore, we do not make CFU/Ha or CFU/acre recommendations and chose to make the CFU/g of fertilizer recommendation. We tested the hypothesis of “does a CFU/g of fertilizer, when the fertilizer recommendation is specific for the region or farm for each crop, generate consistent results across many climates, environments, and management practices”, and our yield uplift win rate charts prove the answer is a resounding “yes.”

Unlike the biological industry’s “soil inoculation” approach with non-indigenous bacteria, our BiOWiSH® bacteria CFU/g per ton of fertilizer efficacy threshold meets the minimum cell count that enables colonization of growing plant roots. Upon colonization, a symbiotic association (‘holobiont’) ensues that perpetuates the colonies through the season and maintains a stable balance of the microbes at the plant root interface. Once the microbes associate with the host plant and integrate into the plant’s microbiome, then the microbe persists as a member of the plant’s hologenome and confer positive phenotypic effects.  Our CFU/g efficacy threshold on coated fertilizer consistently produces a strong win rate response, indicating overwhelmingly successful microbial establishment despite differing amounts of fertilizer applied per unit area. Therefore, there is no dose response beyond achieving the minimum coating efficacy threshold required for establishment of the holobiont, either from Crop Liquid alone or via differing fertilizer rates.

In summary, the combination of an agronomically sound best management fertility practice combined with the BiOWiSH® Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizer allows for the placement and timing of nutrients and our endophytic bacteria that is appropriate for the plant population and yield goal. Therefore, and unlike the failed “soil inoculation” approach, the “more bugs are better on a CFU/Ha or acre” is contradictory to the BiOWiSH Mode of Action that produces consistent results.

Once applied, BiOWiSH® microbes make their way to the root zone (see FAQ) and associate with their host plant, creating a high-performance partnership between the plant and the BiOWiSH® microorganisms. Because they are strongly host-plant associated, BiOWiSH® microbes do not wash off with normal rainfall or irrigation.

Agitation is not required for activation.

BiOWiSH® Crop products may be added at the same time as fertilizers or separately. Most often, they are added at or near the time of fertilizer applications. Please contact a BiOWiSH representative for your site-specific application instructions.

BiOWiSH® Crop products can be applied with your normal fertilization routine. No special application is required. For a compatibility list, refer to the technical bulletin on our web page. Always conduct a jar test for compatibility.

BiOWiSH® Crop products are compatible with a variety of common application practices and can be applied in the manner that best fits with your current practices. BiOWiSH® Crop Liquid is coated onto solid fertilizers or mixed with liquid fertilizers at your fertilizer supplier’s facility. BiOWiSH® Crop and BiOWiSH® Crop 16-40-0 are solid soluble products, sold in BiOWiSH packaging, that are applied by on-farm liquid delivery processes. All BiOWiSH® products are compatible with fertigation and foliar application practices. Please see our web page, user guides, and technical bulletins for more information.

BiOWiSH® Crop products may be applied at any time of the day or night in keeping with the grower’s best management practices.

The Bacillus in BiOWiSH® agronomy products exist in endospore form and are stable for up to 3 years when stored as directed. These endospores are dormant until conditions are right for germination, or “waking up.” Optimum conditions for germination include adequate moisture levels and the presence of nutrient germinants, such as sugars and amino acids. These germinants can be found in abundance in the plant’s root zone in the form of root exudates. Once BiOWiSH® Bacillus are applied to the soil and migrate to the root zone (see FAQ), where they germinate and associate with the roots of their host plant. Because of this strong host association, BiOWiSH® microbes are not expected to persist in the soil after the plant is harvested and its tissues are removed from the soil environment. The role of BiOWiSH® bacteria is to stimulate the plant-soil-microbiome triangle, which includes support of natural plant processes for cultivating native, beneficial microbes in the root zone. These native beneficial microbes would be expected to be present throughout the crop cycle and beyond.

The Bacillus endospores in BiOWiSH®  Crop Liquid settle within a stationary tote over time due to the effects of gravity, leading to a higher concentration of beneficial biology at the bottom of the tote versus the top.  This leads to variation in the application rate of our biology throughout the coating run, potentially causing fertilizer coated with lower-concentration liquid to fall short of our proven efficacy threshold.  Our easy-to-use mixing options maintain a homogenous mixture, and can be taken out from an exhausted tote, rinsed, and reused for additional totes.

Stability and Storage

After agitation per label instructions, BiOWiSH® Crop products can be immediately added to the soil or plants.

Cover and store BiOWiSH® Crop products in cool, dry location out of direct sunlight. Once opened, keep in an airtight container to maintain the integrity of the product. Prevent spillage and separate from strong oxidizers.

First, make sure the lid is securely closed after use to maintain a long shelf life. BiOWiSH® Crop Liquid has a 3-year shelf life when stored as directed.

Storage directions: Cover and store in a cool, dry location out of direct sunlight. Once opened, keep in an airtight container to maintain the integrity of the product. Prevent spillage and separate from strong oxidizers.

We ask that you keep in an airtight container to prevent the risk of contamination. While our formulation accounts for reasonable levels of contaminants, no biological or chemical products are immune to contamination when the products are not stored in airtight containers. BiOWiSH provides a second line of defense to contamination with a mechanical approach. This approach limits the number of times the container is opened, helping products reach their full shelf life. Please contact your local BiOWiSH representative to learn more.

BiOWiSH® Crop products have a three-year shelf life when stored as directed. Once coated onto fertilizer or mixed with liquid fertilizers, BiOWiSH® Crop Liquid has up to a one-year shelf life (see our Technical Bulletin for specific fertilizers). Once in a solution, BiOWiSH® Crop and BiOWiSH® Crop 16-40-0 should be used within 96 hours (4 days).

Once mixed in solution BiOWiSH® Crop products should be used within 96 hours (4 days). If you are adding BiOWiSH® with other products, a jar test should be done to test for compatibility

For storage information, please follow the printed instructions on the BiOWiSH® package. For all products , we recommend that you store the product in a cool, dry location out of direct sunlight.

Because BiOWiSH® organisms are strongly root associated, they are expected to remain viable and active in the rhizosphere throughout the life of the plant. It should be noted that BiOWiSH® Crop products are not intended to populate the bulk soil with BiOWiSH® Bacillus; rather, they partner with their host plants to augment the hologenome of the plant-microbe partnership.